Causes Of Large, Uneven Holes In Bread And How To Avoid Them

If you’ve ever bought bread at the supermarket, you probably noticed that there were large holes in the loaf. These are caused by air pockets that form inside the dough during baking.

Bread is an essential part of our diet, but if you’re finding that your loaves aren’t quite as fluffy as they used to be, then you might want to try these simple steps to get rid of those pesky air bubbles.

Bread is an essential part of our diet. It’s also a staple food that has been around for centuries. However, bread is often riddled with large, uneven holes. These holes can be caused by a number of different factors.

If you want to avoid these holes, then follow these simple steps.

Causes Of Large, Uneven Holes In Bread

Have you ever noticed large, uneven holes in bread? They’re caused by bacteria that grow inside the dough. It’s called “wild yeast” and it’s found naturally in flour.

Causes Of Large, Uneven Holes In Bread And How To Avoid Them – Food To  Impress

CO2 bubbles trapped in the dough are the major cause of big holes in your bread. If you don’t want to get these holes, knock or roll out the bubbles during the final shaping procedure. The other main reason why we have this problem is that some people use too much yeast when making their own bread. This causes the dough to rise faster than normal. As a result, the gas produced by the wild yeast gets trapped within the dough.

Wild yeast is harmless and doesn’t cause illness. However, if left untreated, it can lead to large, uneven holes in your bread.

The Dough Had Risen Too Fast

Another common factor behind these holes is rising time. When you make homemade bread, you need to allow enough time for the dough to double its size before putting it into the oven. You should always leave about half an hour between mixing the ingredients together and placing them on top of the hot stove.

This gives the gluten strands enough time to develop so that they will hold all the gases created by the yeast. When using commercial bakeries, they usually put the dough into a proof box which allows the dough to expand without being exposed to heat from the oven.

This prevents any damage to the crust because the temperature isn’t high enough to cook the surface of the dough. However, many home bakers do not know how to create one of these boxes.

It Had An Uneven Rise

You may notice that your bread rises differently depending on where you place it. For example, if you bake two pieces of bread side-by-side, you’ll find that one piece rises higher than the other. This happens due to gravity. Gravity pulls water up towards the center of the dough.

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As a result, the outer layers of the dough become heavier than the inner ones. This makes the outer layer denser while the middle remains lighter. Therefore, the dough tends to rise more quickly near the bottom of the pan.

To prevent this, you must ensure that both sides of the dough reach the same level after resting. Otherwise, you won’t end up with even results. Furthermore, you shouldn’t let the dough rest longer than necessary. Instead, you should cut off the excess dough as soon as possible.

It Was Underproofed

When baking at home, most people tend to under prove their loaves. This means that they only give the dough enough time to double its volume but no further.

However, overproof leads to flatbread instead of round rolls. Flatbread is made by stretching the dough thin and letting it dry completely. Then, the dough is rolled onto itself until it becomes very thin. Finally, it’s baked again.

Overproofing occurs when the dough expands beyond what was intended. It also creates cracks in the loaf. These cracks form when the dough tries to stretch past its limit. They appear like small lines running through the bread.

There Was Too Much Yeast

If you’re having trouble creating perfectly shaped loaves, then there could be another issue. Some people add way too much yeast when making bread. This increases the amount of carbon dioxide released by the yeast.

In turn, this produces lots of air pockets inside the dough. These pockets trap CO2 and cause the dough to swell rapidly. As a result, you’ll see large, irregularly shaped holes in your bread. The solution? Try adding less yeast next time around. If you still have problems, try increasing the flour content or decreasing the liquid ratio.

It’s The Type Of Bread You’re Making

The type of bread you make can affect the shape of the resulting loaf. For instance, whole wheat bread has a different texture compared to white bread. This affects the rising process.

Whole grain bread needs more time to fully ferment before it goes into the oven. Because of this, it takes longer for the dough to rise properly. Consequently, it ends up looking smaller than normal.

On the other hand, white bread requires less fermentation time. So, it reaches full expansion faster. However, because it contains fewer nutrients, it doesn’t look nearly as good as whole grains. Additionally, it will taste bland. You’ll almost certainly wind up with bread with huge holes if you use a high-hydration dough and construct a lot of structure. Of course, there are ways to avoid these holes, but certain varieties of bread are known for having holey crumbs, so it’s nothing to be concerned about.

It Had A Weak Gluten Structure

Gluten acts as an elastic protein that helps bind water molecules together. When gluten forms strong bonds between them, it gives bread strength and prevents it from collapsing during cooking.

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Unfortunately, some types of flours contain weak gliadin proteins. This causes the dough to collapse easily. As a result, the bread comes out dense rather than light. Also, the crust may not brown well. To fix this problem, start using stronger flours such as durum semolina. Alternatively, you can mix regular flour with potato starch or cornstarch. Both help strengthens the gluten network.

Another reason why your bread might come out uneven is due to poor hydration levels. Most recipes call for at least 75% moisture. But, if you don’t get enough water into the dough, it won’t expand properly. Instead, it will remain compacted throughout baking.

This results in a denser loaf. Plus, the surface area shrinks, which makes it harder for steam to escape. As a consequence, the bottom rises higher than the top. It also creates larger gaps between each slice.

Oil Or Flour Was Folded In When Shaping

When shaping bread, fold the edges inward first. Then roll over the rest of the dough until all sides are covered. Finally, press down firmly on the outside edge. Doing this ensures even thickness across the entire piece.

However, sometimes bakers forget to do this step. They simply flatten their dough instead. As a result, they end up with a thicker center section surrounded by thinner outer layers. This leads to big, gaping holes in the finished product.

When you’re proving your dough, there’s always the risk that you’ll struggle to form it properly and unintentionally fold in a layer of unincorporated oil. Because it isn’t sticky, this oil can keep the seams of your dough from coming together when you’re shaping it. It can result in a huge region where the gluten in the dough is unable to bind, trapping gas inside.

It’s The Oven You’re Using

If you bake your bread too quickly, it could burn around the perimeter. If you let it cool completely after proofing, then it should have plenty of time to develop its own internal heat. That way, it will cook evenly without burning.

Additionally, make sure your oven temperature matches what was specified in the recipe. For example, most recipes recommend setting your oven to 450°F. But, many people set theirs to 500°F. While both temperatures work fine, the latter produces more intense flavors.

Fortunately, you can prevent most of these problems yourself. All you need to know is how to read a recipe correctly. Once you’ve mastered basic techniques like kneading, folding, and resting, you’ll find it easy to spot any mistakes before they happen.

Here’s how to prevent these holes from forming

1. Store your bread in an airtight container. Wild yeast thrives in warm, moist environments. If you store your bread in an open container, it will quickly become moldy.

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2. Keep your bread away from other foods. This includes meats, cheeses, vegetables, etc. The wild yeast needs moisture to grow. When exposed to dry ingredients like nuts or seeds, it won’t have enough water to thrive.

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3. Use fresh flour every time you bake. You should use only freshly milled flour when making bread. That way, you don’t risk having any old yeast growing on top of your new batch of dough.

4. Don’t overwork your dough. Overworking causes gluten strands to break down into smaller pieces. Smaller pieces make it easier for the yeast to multiply. But too much work means less rise!

5. Bake your bread immediately after mixing. Yeast takes about 20 minutes to start working its magic. So, once you mix up your dough, put it aside until it rises. Then, pop it in the oven right away so that all the rising happens before the bread goes in.

Cut Back On The Yeast

You may be tempted to add extra yeast at some point during baking. However, doing so can lead to unevenly risen loaves. Instead, try adding just half as much yeast as called for in the recipe. Or, if you want to go further, cut back on the amount of liquid used in the formula altogether.

This technique works best with baguettes because they tend to require lots of additional leavening power. But, even if you aren’t using baguette-style bread, cutting back on the yeast will still help ensure that your loaf has a nice shape throughout.

Let It Proof At Room Temperature

Many bakers prefer to leave their dough out overnight to allow it to double in size. Doing so helps create a stronger structure within the dough. Unfortunately, leaving it out overnight also makes it harder to get started.

Instead, wait until morning to begin preparing your dough. By letting it rest overnight, you give the yeast time to do its job while keeping the dough soft and pliable. Plus, by starting early, you avoid waking everyone else up in the middle of the night.

Even Out The Gas Pockets By Punch Your Dough Down

If you notice large gas pockets in your finished product, there’s one simple solution: punch down your dough. Simply press down on the center of the ball of dough to flatten it slightly. As long as you keep punching down, the dough will continue to expand outward.

Eventually, this process will cause the entire mass to spread evenly across the surface of the pan.


Bread is such a versatile food item. From sandwiches to pizza crusts to toast, we eat it almost daily. We love how easy it is to prepare and enjoy. But sometimes, things happen along the way that prevents us from enjoying our favorite baked goods.

Luckily, these tips are sure to help you overcome those problems and produce delicious results again soon.

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