Oranges belongs to a group of citrus fruits. They are larger and more spherical than mandarins, with a more bitter taste and tougher skin, which makes you to difficult to peel. Tangerines, Mandarins, Clementine are all oranges. They are round, orange in color and sweet in taste.
Mandarins are called as kid glove oranges. It has a deep orange skin. They originated in China and are the original orange.
It has a flat surface in bottom which makes them to sit still without rolling like other type of oranges. They resemble the shape of pumpkin. They have a stronger taste and sweetness.
Tangerines are a type of mandarin which has a thin skin with lots of juice inside. They are little larger and brighter in color than mandarin. It does not have even texture in its skin and makes easier for you to identify.
It has a tart flavor, but still sweeter and easier to peel. It is originated in East Asia and cultivated in China and Japan. It got its name after the port Tangiers, in Morocco as they were transported to Europe and USA through this port.
Tangerines are widely grown in USA and prefer warmer climates for its growth. It grows during the season October to April. The popular tangerine hybrids are Tangelo, Tangor.
Clementine is a smallest type of mandarin orange and is smaller than the tangerines. They do not have seeds. These are sweeter, red orange in color and have a smoother skin than the tangerines. They are easier to peel, but not easier as Satsumas.
It is a product of two different plants interbreeds naturally. It was first discovered Misserghin, in Algeria in twentieth century. They are mainly grown in China, Spain, Morocco and California. They are fragile and difficult to grow.
When you hold a tangerine you can feel its rough texture, while Clementine has a smooth texture. If you want your dessert to be very sweet, you can add Clementine. For less sweetness, Use tangerines.
Benefits of Tangerine, mandarin and Clementine
Citrus fruits are rich in Vitamin C and are a good source of dietary fiber. Eating citrus fruits can also help you to lose weight.
Tangerine can improve digestion, regulate blood pressure and protect your heart. They reduce the risk for cancer, diabetes and osteoporosis.
Mandarins contain Vitamin A, B and C. It is a powerful antioxidant that prevents infections, cholesterol problems, cramps and vomiting. It is great for the health of your skin.
It can reduce inflammation, maintains blood pressure, boosts brain performance, removes toxin out your body, promotes healthy hair and skin and are rich in folate, potassium
Clementines support your immune system, helps in preventing cancer, helps in synthesizing collagen, decrease anti-aging signs and a rich source of Vitamin C.
Can Tangerines, Mandarins, Clementine can be substituted for each other?
They can substitute each other and also with other citrus fruits like Grapefruit, Pomelo, Kumquats. Mandarins are less sweet and more similar to grapefruit. These three are good for mulled wine and can be used as grating zest in cake batter.
Unlike these fruits, lemons and limes are not sweet and make them not suitable for substitute. Lemons and Limes give a fresher and different smell which makes them odd from orange family.
In terms of smell and flavor, oranges are closer to Clementine and Tangerines. But, orange gives more zest due to its thick peel. You can use Kumquat as a substitute for these three, as it has thin peel, sweet and tart in taste. Kumquats might burn your tongue, due to its concentration of citrus oil.
Clementines are best for salads as it is seedless. You can add these oranges in syrups, marmalade, deserts, ice cream and so on.
Tangerines, Mandarins, Clementine can be substituted with each other since they are quite similar in taste and flavor.