Tomatoes are a fruit that grows on vines. They are red, round, juicy fruits that contain lots of vitamins and minerals. Tomatoes are also known as a superfood because they are packed full of nutrients.
They are high in vitamin C, vitamin A, potassium, folate, fiber, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, and manganese. They are also low in calories, fat, and cholesterol. The color of the tomato is determined by its ripeness. When tomatoes are ripe, their skin turns from green to orange or yellow-orange. This means that it’s time for you to start eating them!
But why do some tomatoes turn purple when they get too old? And what causes those weird colors like pink, white, blue, etc.? Let us find out more about this interesting phenomenon:
The reason behind these differences can be found in the way the plant produces chlorophyll. Chlorophyll is responsible for giving plants their vibrant colors. It helps photosynthesis occur which allows the plant to produce energy through sunlight.
But if there isn’t enough light, then the plant will not have enough chlorophyll to create all the necessary pigments needed to make colorful leaves. So how does the plant know whether it needs more or less light?
That’s where the sun comes into play. If the number of light decreases, the plant will begin producing more chlorophyll so that it has enough pigment to keep up with the lack of light. But if the number of light increases again, the plant will stop making new chlorophyll until it reaches an equilibrium point. At this point, the plant will no longer need any extra chlorophyll.
So now we understand why tomatoes change colors. However, let’s take a look at other types of vegetables that don’t change colors. For example, carrots stay bright orange even after getting older. Why is that? Because carrots are grown under constant lighting conditions. Therefore, they never reach the point of needing additional chlorophyll. On the contrary, potatoes become darker over time due to oxidation.
There are many varieties of tomatoes available today. Some are dark red while others are pale yellowish. These variations come down to genetics. There are two main factors that determine the color of your tomatoes:
1) Genetics – Your genes dictate the color of your tomatoes. You may inherit certain traits such as being able to grow big tomatoes or having small ones.
2) Environment – Another factor that affects the color of your tomatoes is the environment. In fact, the same variety of tomatoes planted in different places could yield very different results.
For instance, one type of tomato might taste good but another would just be bitter. That’s why it’s important to choose the right kind of tomato-based on your preferences.
There are many different types of tomato colors and one thing to know is that not all tomatoes tend to be red when they are ripe and this is due to the fact that they contain anthocyanins. Anthocyanin is a compound that gives fruits and flowers their deep hues.
Each tomato type is designed to have a distinct appearance and feel. Both to set it apart from the competition and to appeal to the tastes of the public. As a result, dark pink, yellow, orange, and even a unique form dubbed "chocolate" tomato types are readily available. They’re a combination of red and greenish-brown, giving them a chocolate-like appearance. Selective breeding was used to create these cultivars until a strain with a uniform hue was created.
This may be quite perplexing for someone who is just getting into tomatoes because you can’t just go by color anymore. It’s true that some people prefer the flavor of white tomatoes over those that are colored. This is mainly because white tomatoes do not have much juice inside which makes them tasteless.
However, most people like the juicy texture of red tomatoes. And since they also contain higher levels of lycopene than white ones, they are considered healthier too.
The best way to find out what suits you better is to try both kinds before deciding which one you want to buy.
As mentioned earlier, there are various types of tomatoes available today. One of them is called cherry tomatoes. Cherry tomatoes are usually smaller than regular tomatoes and are more round in shape. Their skin is thin so they easily burst open if handled roughly.
Cherry tomatoes are often sold loose rather than packed in plastic bags. If you see any bagged cherry tomatoes, make sure that they were picked unripe. Otherwise, they will spoil quickly once exposed to air. One thing to note here is that a red tomato doesn’t mean that it is ripe yet. A lot depends on how long it has been stored after picking.
If you don’t mind waiting a few days longer, then you should get a chance to enjoy fresh cherries at home. Just remember to wash them well first.
When choosing between red and yellow tomatoes, it’s easy to tell them apart simply based on their size. Red tomatoes are generally larger than yellow ones. However, there are exceptions where large yellow tomatoes exist. These include beefsteak tomatoes as well as plum tomatoes.
Beefsteaks are very popular among chefs because they are easier to cut up compared to other varieties. Plum tomatoes are small and sweet tasting while having an intense aroma.
Another difference between red and yellow tomatoes is that the former contains less water content than the latter. In addition, red tomatoes are firmer than yellow ones.
Yellow tomatoes are softer than red ones. But unlike red tomatoes, yellow ones lack vitamin C. So when buying this variety, look for fruits that are firm but still soft enough to eat without being hard or tough.
There are two main differences between red and green tomatoes: taste and nutritional value. While red tomatoes are sweeter than green ones, they tend to be lower in nutrients such as vitamins A and B6. On the contrary, green tomatoes are richer in antioxidants.
Green tomatoes are also known to have high amounts of potassium. They are also rich in fiber and low in calories. So if you’re looking for something healthy, then choose green tomatoes instead of red ones. You’ll definitely feel satisfied with your meal.
Tomato seeds are covered with tiny hairs called trichomes. Trichomes help protect the seedlings against insects and diseases. As soon as the fruit starts growing, the trichome hair begins to fall off. Once the fruit gets bigger, the remaining trichomes continue to lose their protective function.
This causes them to turn brown and eventually die. This process takes place during ripening. When you eat a tomato, you’re actually eating those dead trichomes along with the rest of the fleshy part of the fruit.
The best way to know whether a tomato is ready to eat is by checking its color. It’s important to understand that not all colors indicate ripeness. For instance, some people may think that orange-colored tomatoes are better than others. That’s wrong! Orange-colored tomatoes can sometimes be too sour.
So before deciding which one looks tastier, check out these tips below.
1) Check the stem end. Look closely at the bottom portion of the stem. Is it dry? If so, then chances are that the tomato isn’t fully mature yet.
2) Touch the skin. Does it seem smooth and pliable? Or does it crack easily? If yes, then the tomato has reached the maturity stage.
3) Taste test. Do you like how the flavor tastes? How about the texture? Can you detect any sweetness? All these factors will determine what kind of experience you’ll have once you bite into the fruit.
4) Size matters. Bigger means juicier. Smaller ones mean drier. Choose accordingly.
5) Color changes over time. Some types of tomatoes change from bright red to dark purple after picking. Others stay light pink until they reach full maturity.
If you want to enjoy fresh tomatoes throughout the year, make sure to buy them early on. And don’t forget to store them properly. Store them in a cool area away from direct sunlight.
If you’ve been wondering why there are different kinds of tomatoes, here’s everything you need to know. Now go ahead and start enjoying delicious meals made up of juicy tomatoes.
I hope this post helped you with your food curiosities.